Havana, the capital city of Cuba, is its largest city and its economic and cultural center. It is located on the north coast of the west of the island. Founded in 1878, it was one of the first cities established in America by Spanish colonizers. Many of its areas preserve almost intactly the architecture and customs of the times of the colony, fundamentally its historic center that is today one of the best preserved architectural complexes in Latin America, which is why it was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1982.
Among the most distinctive features of the city are its fortifications, built primarily around the bay of Havana due to the successive attacks of pirates and privateers during the first years of the sixteenth century.
Among its most distinguished buildings and monuments are the Castillo del Morro, the Cathedral of Havana, the Plaza de Armas, the Museum of the Revolution, the Great Theater of Havana, the Bellas Artes Museum - which has one of the best collections of universal art in the Latin American continent and the largest of Cuban art in the world - the Capitol, the Revolution Square, The Revolution Museum, the Colon Cemetery, Obispo Street, the Malecon, a promenade that extends from the bay to the mouth of the river almendares.
Havana is the first tourist pole in the country. It has a wide network of hotels among which the National Hotel of Cuba, the Hotel Havana Libre, the Melia Cohíba among others. However, in recent times, the hostels and guest houses, which offer a cheaper option with high standards of quality and comfort in their facilities, in addition to offering an excellent service, also stand out among the accommodation modalities preferred by tourists.
Among the most outstanding cultural events are the Havana International Ballet Festival, the Havana Film Festival, the Jazz Plaza Festival, as well as the Havana International Book Fair.
The nightlife in the city is entertaining, after the opening of private businesses the number of restaurants, nightclubs, bars and other places of recreation increased dramatically.
Rancho Boyeros International Airport connects the city with the rest of the country and the world.