Cienfuegos, also known as La Perla del Sur is a city located in the province of the same name, on the Majagua peninsula, on the southern coast of central Cuba. In the city, the Jagua Bay is of great importance for the economy and tourism of the city, on the edge of which extends the Malecon de Cienfuegos, one of the biggest attractions of the city.
This city was founded by the French settlers of the island in 1819, then it was called Villa Fernandina de Jagua, reason that explains the French influence in the city despite being Cuba colonized by the Spanish, influence that is expressed not only in the customs of its population and its culture but also in its architecture and art.
The eclectic architecture of the city retains abundant neoclassical decoration. It is one of the most beautiful cities in Cuba, with abundant walks and parks, illuminated and clean.
Its historic center was named Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2005.
Among its most prominent places of interest are:
• The Botanical Garden of Cienfuegos declared a National Monument in 1989.
• The Queen's Cemetery, an example of the neoclassical architecture that predominates in the city. It highlights The statue of Sleeping Beauty.
• The Fortress of Our Lady of the Angels of Jagua, located at the entrance of the Bay of Jagua, a castle that was built in the 18th century to defend Cienfuegos from attacks by privateers and pirates.
• Tomás Acea Cemetery, where a huge Doric building stands out.
• The José Martí park, located in the center of the city, next to it is the most important buildings, including the founder's house, the Town Hall, the church and the Terry theater.
• The Tomás Terry theater, built in 1889, notable for the state of conservation of its architecture and decoration.
• The Palacio de Valle, located at the southern end of the Prado, is a unique construction in Cuba due to the union of so many architectural styles.